Periodontal Disease - Dental disease

Date: 31/05/2018 / Author: Ms Cẩm

Periodontal disease is a disease of the tissues around the teeth. If untreated, the disease progresses leading to tooth loss. Periodontal disease progresses slowly, with no specific signs, no pain, or no pain, so many people are ignored. However, the consequences of periodontal disease are especially serious, if diagnosed and treated early can reduce the risk of tooth loss.

 Overview of periodontal disease

 Periodontal disease and systemic disease

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Periodontal Disease - Dental disease

According to Dr. Vo Van Nhan: The main cause of periodontal disease is the accumulation of harmful bacteria in the plaque or food particles are trapped teeth that you can not clean clean. If not removed early, these plaques continue to cling to the teeth. Plaque stimulates the gums, causes inflammation of the gums, redness, swelling, bleeding at the brushing, using toothpicks. In the long run, the plaque becomes hard and is called plaque. Tongue can not be removed by conventional brushing, but can only be cleaned by dental treatment with specialized equipment.

Periodontal disease usually goes through two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. In the period of inflammation of the gums, if treated promptly, the disease will be completely healed.

Gingivitis is likely to recover, but if left untreated it can progress to periodontal inflammation when the connective tissue connects to the teeth. The pus will be formed between the teeth and gums (called periodontal pockets). The toxic bacteria in the plaque and plaque continue to accumulate in the periodontal pocket, causing the bone to support the teeth, leading to tooth decay, mouth odor uncomfortable.

According to Dr. Vo Van Nhan, there are a number of factors that alter the gums' response to plaque or tartar, thus altering the body's response to periodontal disease and making it worse: smoking, diabetes, stress, grinding teeth, pregnancy, puberty, diet and nutrition, immune system disorders.

The results and methods may vary depending on the individual's condition

Signs to note:

Bleeding gums when brushing; The gums are red, swollen, separated from the teeth; Bad breath persistent; Have pus or pus spill between the teeth and gums in the neck area; Teeth swelling or sparse, especially when chewing. When you see these signs go to the dentist. However, periodontal disease is usually unclear, as most of the time the disease is not accompanied by specific pain symptoms, so a regular dental check-up, in which a complete periodontal examination, is It is essential to avoid periodontal disease.

If you have periodontitis, there are usually four basic types of treatment that are usually needed: emergency, non-surgical, surgical and maintenance. Non-surgical treatment has the highest rate of application, which is the first step in periodontal disease, including two steps. In the initial step, the dentist will evaluate the factors that favor plaque retention, prevent oral hygiene, and control bacterial plaque and remove them by:

 Correct or replace all improper filling pieces.

 Modifying or replacing improper restoration techniques.

 Evaluate and specify the need to spit (can not hold).

 Fixed teeth (if teeth loose).

 Perform temporary restoration (if necessary).

 Shaved tartar - treatment root surface. Taking a tartar is a procedure not required by your doctor, which is indicated for all treatment plans for periodontal disease. For cases of gum inflammation, it will give a very positive result.

When self-treatment with antibiotics and pain relief is not necessarily cured. The disease persists and becomes chronic, with occasional acute attacks (cyclical recurrence and worsening). If you just get gingivitis, that condition will make you switch quickly to periodontitis. If you have periodontitis, the disease will be more severe, make teeth more loose, and finally lose teeth.

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The results and methods may vary depending on the individual's condition

To prevent periodontal disease, according to Dr. Vo Van Nhan: The most important thing is to brush your teeth regularly after meals and before going to bed to remove plaque on the tooth surface and gum slot, ensure the strength. good oral health Periodically 3-6 months should visit the dental clinic specialized teeth and remove plaque, plaque in places where the brush does not clean. Tingling will help: prevent periodontal disease; clean, glossy and beautiful teeth; more confident in daily communication.

Use extra floss to clean the sides of the teeth. Eat balanced, full of food. Avoid snacks with sticky, sweet foods.

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