Cleft lip and cleft palate - what you need to know!

Date: 31/05/2018 / Author: Ms Cẩm

Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital defects in which tissues of the mouth or lips do not form properly during fetal development. It usually occurs in Asian or Latin American children.

 Caring for pediatric patients after cleft lip and cleft palate

 Signs are not good on baby teeth

Cleft lip and cleft palate makes children have many difficulties in life

Fortunately, cleft lip and cleft palate can be cured. Most babies born with the disease can be operated to reconstruct the lips within the first 12 to 18 months after birth to correct the defect and significantly improve the facial appearance.

Cleft lip and cleft palate

Cleft lip and cleft lip occurs when the tissues of the lips and / or the palate of the fetus develop along with the development of pregnancy. Children with cleft lip and cleft palate often do not have enough tissue in their mouths, and this tissue does not mix well with each other to form the palate.

Pruritus is a congenital malformation that has a crack on one side or both sides of the lip between the upper lip. This occurs when three fetal tissue blocks form the upper lip that are invisible to one another and are often associated with the oral cavity.

Cleft palate is the gap between the palate and the nasal cavity. Some children with this disease have both the front and back parts of the roof of the mouth, while others are only partially exposed.

There are usually three different types of cleft lip and cleft palate:

- Cleft lip without cleft palate

- Open the mouth of the frog without cleft lip

- Cleft lip and cleft palate.

This phenomenon can occur on one side of the mouth (open side) or on both sides of the mouth.

Boys have more cleft lips than females, while more girls have cleft palate than boys. Since this is a disease that causes visible signs, it is easy to diagnose. This disease can be detected by ultrasound before birth. If a cleft lip or cleft palate is not detected before the child is born, it is recognized immediately after birth.

What causes cleft lip and cleft palate?

Doctors do not know the exact cause of a cleft lip or cleft palate, but they believe it can be a combination of genetic (genetic) and environmental factors (such as using a drug). smoking, or drinking alcohol during pregnancy ...). The risk of this disease is higher when a child has a parent or sibling with a cleft lip or a family history of the disease.

Diseases related to cleft lip and cleft palate:

Children with cleft lip or cleft palate are more susceptible to other diseases such as colds and deafness. Dental diseases such as missing, redundant, deformed or jagged teeth ... often occur when the child born to develop a frog's disease. Many children with cleft lip or cleft palate are particularly susceptible to ear infections.

Children with cleft lip or cleft palate also find it difficult to eat, drink or eat. Bottles with special nipples can help your baby feed more easily. In some cases, children with cleft lip or cleft palate may need to have a prosthetic mouth to help their child eat.

Treatments for Cleft lip and cleft palate 

Modern medicine can effectively treat cleft lip and cleft palate. Plastic surgery can regenerate the lips and teeth of the frogs.

Children with cleft lip or cleft palate should be considered by a variety of specialists working together to treat the disease. Treatment usually starts in the first few months after the baby is born, depending on the health of the child and the opening of the lips or palate.

People in the treatment group for children usually include geneticists, plastic surgeons, otolaryngologists, oral surgeons, orthodontists, dentists, and chiropractors. verbal ability, audiologist, psychologist, and sociologist.

The team will evaluate the child's normal developmental progression, examine the child's ability to hear, speak, nutrition, teeth and mood. Then they will share the information they know with the parents. In addition, for the treatment of children, specialists will also work with children on any difficulty in eating, talking, social issues ... They will advise parents help in the child. throughout the development and treatment of children.

Photo: Operation Smile Vietnam

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